It’s More Than SOS: How to Learn Morse Code

Unlike amateur radio, there is no license requirement to send Morse code.  With a bit of practice, anyone can send Morse Code and big brother will not stop you.  That being said, it would be extremely rude, impolite, and dangerous to send out irrelevant Morse Code, especially while in the midst of a disruptive event.

Why Morse code?  Morse code transmits text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks.  By interpreting these signals, a skilled listener (or observer in the case of lights), will understand the message without the need to have specialized equipment.

How to Learn Morse Code | Backdoor Survival

At the very least, everyone, and not just preppers, should know how to both recognize and transmit and the basic SOS distress signal: three dots, three dashes and three dots.

A few weeks back, my BFF and amateur radio expert, George Ure, provided us with some practical reasons to learn Morse code for survival and prepping purposes.  He is back today with a second installment, aptly titled “How to Learn Morse Code”.

How to Learn Morse Code

A few weeks back, we discussed some of the advantages of learning simple Morse Code. While not widely used today, Morse is still used in amateur (ham) radio, although it is not a license requirement.

The main uses from a prepping standpoint are being able to communicate via signals other than sound. Slowly pulsed lights, for example, have been used between naval vessels for more than a century.  The other reason is in event of physical incapacitation. Even a person with serious mobility and speech limitations can still be enabled to use Morse code to get messages out of their brain and to doctors and care-givers.

“Fine,” you’re thinking, “But how do I learn the code.”

That is a subject of much debate and several schools of thought.

The conventional approach has been to attend a Morse class. Many amateur radio clubs around the country hold free training sessions. A visit to the American Radio Relay League can point you in the direction of a local club. 

The conventional process involves attending a class one or two nights per week.  At the first class, things will begin slowly. You will see a code practice oscillator and a “key.”  An instructor will begin by training your ear to recognize a short “dot” (usually called a “dit”). This may be followed by a “learning to count” exercise. The instructor will send one dit, then two, then three, and so on.

With a few minutes of practice, anyone can learn at least a few Morse letters because a single dit (dot) is an ‘E’ while two dits (dots) are an ‘I’ and three makes an ‘S’. Four gives us the letter ‘H’ and five dits (dots) is the numeral 5.  You will probably learn only five, or so, dit (dot) combinations in the first part of a typical session.

The same process is repeated with “dahs” (dashes). One “dah” being a ‘T’, two making an ‘M’, three being ‘O’. Five “dahs” (dashes) gives the zero.

A curiosity of the code: There is no regular (American Morse) combination of four dahs/dashes. This is because at low speed, dahs take a long time to send. Speed is everything and radio operators prize call signs that are very short.   With a few “dit” letters and “dah” letters, the instructor will then create some simple words. TOT, MEME, and so forth.

Not all instructors work this way. My first sessions with Morse were the letters A (dit-dah), C (dah-dit-dah-dit), M (dah-dah), E (dit) and T (dah).  Because I didn’t practice sending as well at receiving code, it took me a month, or so to learn it and then it was the breakneck speed of five words per minute.

Learning tools are many. A code practice oscillator with a volume control and built-in key can cost upwards of $50 bucks, such as this Morse code practice oscillator.

For in-person classes, Gordon West has been an old hand in ham radio and offshore sailing circles for years and he has a series of products to consider. His Morse Code Teacher is a classic if classes aren’t conveniently available.

You don’t necessarily need to spend money to learn Morse, though. One website says you can learn Morse in one minute – check out The idea here is to train yourself to follow a logical path to the correct letters.

The more “Do It Yourselfer” will find this WikiHow entry very good. But, as with any new skill, the more you practice the better you get. So don’t just start one or two days per week and expect to advance very quickly. 15-minutes a day is a much better pace.

Everyone’s brain has a “different learning speed.”  When I was learning to fly airplanes, I wanted to fly an hour a day. But my instructor talked me out of it.  “The idea,” he explained, “Is to build long-term memory. Sure, daily practice of several hours will build short-term memory, but depending on skill, there is a point of diminishing returns for everyone.”

Still, there is one major divide to think about: What do you want your ultimate code speed to be?

For some, especially preppers who are building the skill as a “back-up” learning in a slow-speed mode at 5 words per minute may be just the thing.

On the other hand, there are other methods of code-learning that begin at 12-15 words per minute.  More recently, the site has been teaching 30 words per minute from Day One on. (Neither Gaye or I have any affiliation with this site.)

Every instructor will offer his or her personal favorite tips. Mine are really simple: Set an objective and train to that. If you don’t find a Morse code coin here you may be able to pick one up on eBay.

Learning Morse code isn’t particularly hard. Like any other brain-centered activity, it may be yet another way to keep neurons firing and thus hold back mental aging. Anyone over 40 may wish to read the summary of how “Cognitive training can reduce the rate of cognitive aging: a neuroimaging cohort study.”

We’re not claiming learning a new brain skill, like Morse code, can slow aging. But it probably won’t hurt.

Additional Reading:  Practical Reasons to Learn Morse Code for Survival

The Final Word

There is another reason to learn the basics of Morse code.  In times of distress, the sight-impaired will need and want some way to both transmit and understand emergency communications.  Please do not dismiss this as irrelevant.  Two close friends, including George himself, have recently had problems with their eyes. causing temporary vision impairment.  And, as I write this, I am recovering from eye surgery myself.

Vision and sight problems are caused by many factors and are a subject for another time.  Still, it is important to be aware that if the SHTF, having the ability to communicate without being able to read may save your life.

Enjoy your next adventure through common sense and thoughtful preparation!

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Bargain Bin:  Below you will find links to the items related to today’s article.

SunJack Waterproof LightStick: Many emergency light sources have the ability to product an SOS signal.  This lightstick is one of my favorites. The versatile SunJack Lightstick is impressive for its compact form factor and extremely durable, waterproof casing.  In addition to providing portable lighting, it will charge 3 USB devices on a single charge. Learn more by reading: Gear Review: SunJack Waterproof LightStick

Sunjack Lightstick | Backdoor Survival Deluxe Morse Code Practice Oscillator: This is a great tool for learning and then practicing your Morse code.  Runs on AC or a 9V battery.

Morse Code Teacher: This two-CD audio course recorded by Gordon West will teach you the fundamentals of Morse code.

Prepper’s Communication Handbook: Lifesaving Strategies for Staying in Contact During and After a Disaster:  This is another one of Jim Cobb’s well-written handbooks.  He writes about various communications strategies in a manner that is easy to read and easy to understand.

BaoFeng UV5R Dual-Band Two-Way Radio:  I own two of these.  Something to keep in mind that if you are just planning to listen, you do not need a license.  Still, it is a good idea because it will make understanding the technical aspects of HAM radio a whole lot easier.

Special Note:  BaoFeng and Pofung radios are one and the same.  Some of the newer units are branded with “Pofung”.

The No-Nonsense, Technician Class License Study Guide:  Dan Romanchik’s guide is available for free – you can read it online or download it and save it to your computer.  For $7.99, you can also purchase a version for the Kindle:The No-Nonsense Technician Class License Study Guide for Tests starting July 1, 2014 .

Baofeng BF-S112 Two Way Radio Speaker:  These come in very handy.  Also consider the NAGOYA Antenna for BAOFENG UV-5R  and the USB Programming Cable for Baofeng UV-5R UV-3R+.

ARRL Repeater Directory 2014/2015 Pocket Size: The best directory of frequencies for the 21,800+ repeaters around the country! Includes D-Star and APCO-25, references for operating practices, tips for handling interference, emergency message handling, guidelines for severe weather reporting to SKYWARN and the


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  1. You raised some very good points in this article. Especially relevant to me is the idea of communicating if one cannot see. I have cataracts-not serious enough for surgery but growing as I get older. I will definitely check into this more and do what I can now to learn Morse code. Thanks for giving us all this important information.

  2. I learned Morse when I wanted to get my Extra class license (5wpm was still required) I used a product called “Code Quik” I was up to 5-7wpm in no time. I have never used it on the air since then. Morse is just another language. You can learn in (easier when you are young) a short time, but if you don’t used it EVERY DAY, you will forget it just as fast.

    1. You are so very right about forgetting it!When I was working to go from the 13wpm to the 20wpm required to get the extra class ticket and used a “code Tutor” and it worked really great and was fairly easy to learn that way. Of course as you know that was a very long time ago and I have since pretty much forgotten CW, but I still have that code tutor and was thinking about learning it again. You ever know when it would come in handy!.

  3. Years ago I was coming back from a friends house after a birthday party trying to make it home BEFORE curfew 😉 and slid off the road into a snow drift, I didn’t have a full tank of gas (DUMB Teenager) at the time and was running out of gas trying to get out of the drift, plus I wasn’t dressed for the winter so no walking anywhere. I started to tap out an SOS on the cars horn. Didn’t take officers to long to find and help me. This was before the advent of cell phones by the way. The older officer chastised me (rightly so) for not making sure I had enough gas in the car in the first place and not being dressed for the winter properly. He thought it was smart I knew how to do an SOS. Now of course I make sure I have enough gas in the car and am dressed appropriately for the weather 🙂

  4. my dad has been a ham most of his life, and has taught many courses to people who wanted to get their license. when i was 12 i took one of his master-level courses; the electronics principles were easy to learn, but it took a LOT of practice before i could send AND receive morse code at 13 words per minute! a few years later, dad was on a plane that got delayed on the tarmac, and i was in the terminal with my mom and aunt, watching the plane and waiting for it to take off. i got bored waiting, got a piece of paper, and started signaling in morse code to my father by moving the paper into and out of the window. dad saw what i was doing, got his own piece of paper and did the same in the little airplane window, we had a fun conversation that made the waiting easier on everyone, and i even impressed my mom and aunt with my proficiency. i never got a license, but can still remember most of what i learned, and in a pinch i could probably communicate in morse code even now, 51 years later. amazing how the things we learn in childhood stick with us!

  5. years ago mid late 1955??? s boys life magazine published a quick method to learn
    morse code ei: e I s t m o e one dot I two s three dots like wise t one dash .
    for the other letters they had a unique way of remembering like b (boy) dot dash
    if anyone can remember the article , it may be useful in helping learn ” code ” .
    I didn’t learn code at that time but put it on my bucket list . bill

  6. I think a class could only enhance preparedness even though most would not understand.
    I will look into a course…thank you!

  7. Beginning the article with “Unlike amateur radio, there is no license requirement to send Morse code.” Sets a really bad example for readers. “Sending” Morse code over CW requires a radio and transmitting on some of the amateur bands requires at least a Technician license. Citizen’s Band (CB) and FRS do not require a license to transmit, but there is no CW mode for these bands.
    Instead of beginning this article with a flawed statement, how about rephrasing it to say something about learning Morse code for emergency situations where transmitting without the appropriate license would be necessary.

  8. This is an absolutely brilliant idea. Don’t need to be radio-amateur to know the Morse code.
    I can think right now to a lot of situations when communicating in Morse can be a life saver. I know the ‘SOS’ saved mi life once.

  9. It does take some work to learn. Learn chatacters at a higher speed like 20 or 25 wpm with longer spaces between instead of by sight. It is reading with your ears.

  10. I agree with John, learn morse code at a faster pace. I tried Gordo’s CD at 5 wpm and could not learn the code. At this speed you think to much about the dit and dahs and you find yourself missing the next letters. When I doubled the speed to 10 wpm I started to see more progress and now started to learn and recognize the sounds. As I started sending the code at about 15-16 wpm with a paddle, I now was comprehending and am able to copy code better. It’s all about learning the rhythmic sound to really learn CW. And yeah, practice, practice, practice.

    P.S. CW hasn’t saved my life yet. And also on a side note. I hope prepper’s aren’t thinking they are going to turn on their radio and try and listen in during a SHTF scenario. Because you probably won’t understand much. Most of us ham’s will probably be sending CW and other digital modes. So, you should really be learning more about amateur radio if you want to be able to still communicate and or hear and decode something. Just my two cents.

  11. Been a ham since the 1960s and exclusively morse code (CW). There is a romance to talking to someone across our globe in CW. There are thousands of hams that regularly communicate in CW. I firmly believe if SHTF hits big time, the CW hams will be on the air and about the only ones able to communicate to other areas to find out what is going on. And since CW is seldom used today except ham radio, it can also be considered a very secure form of communications that transmitting sensitive or revealing information over a microphone would not provide. Keep informed, but lay low. If you learn the code, you might as well get your ham license to be a part of this huge pool of skilled radio operators. It may be the only reliable form of communications when phones and cell towers fail. Did I mention it was also fun? Not really that hard to learn – just stick to it. 73 de NA5N

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