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20 Steps: The Ultimate Prepper Guide

Avatar for Jodie Weston Jodie Weston  |  Updated: March 10, 2022
20 Steps: The Ultimate Prepper Guide

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No one really knows how many preppers exist in the world, but it is safe to say that there are more than three million of us in the United States alone.  Even though this sounds like a huge segment of the population, this is still only slightly more than 1% of the total US populace.

So, the bigger question is this: who is going to take care of the remaining 99% percent of the population when a major disruptive event occurs?

20 Steps to Becoming a Prepper | Backdoor Survival

My guess is that most folks believe that the government will step in.  Yeah right; just like they did with Katrina and Superstorm Sandy.  We all know how well that worked out.

The victims of Katrina waited days for aid while thousands were housed in the Superdome without supplies, and the victims of Sandy sat huddled in dark, stinking apartments, then stood in long lines for hours to get their allotted bottle of water and an MRE.

Here’s the cold, hard truth: the US Government is ill-equipped to take on a massive rescue operation. They have neither the manpower nor the supplies to do so.

Plus, if the disruptive event is an economic collapse, you can bet that corporations will be bailed out long before the populace.  It happened in 2008 and 2009, and many of us have the retirement account statements to prove it.

It’s undisputed that disasters can happen – and often do. The only question is, how will you deal with it? Will you wait for someone to charge in and rescue you and your family? Or will you take the matter into your own hands and prepare so that you can be self-reliant, regardless of the crisis?

The idea of prepping can be overwhelming when you think about the vast amount of supplies that you don’t yet have; when you discover your home may not be the best location in which to ride out the storm; or when you realize that you really don’t have that many viable post-apocalyptic skills.

This article is meant to be the ultimate prepper guide. Notice I did not say doomsday prepper. Being prepared is not about always concentrating on TEOTWAWKI. Most disasters and events are not long-term. You need to be prepared for natural disasters and other common emergencies that are likely in your area.

The Ultimate Guide to Becoming a Prepper in 20 Easy Steps

Don’t despair. This is your ultimate guide to becoming a prepper, complete with some assessments to help you figure out where you’re at right now, and the steps you need to take to get to where you need to be. Best of all, this is a guide that doesn’t require you to drop $11,298.36 (aka big bucks) today to become prepared in one fell swoop. Many of these to-dos are absolutely free!

The Four Stages of Prepping

Before starting, let us first review the four stages of prepping that I first wrote about in 10 Simple Strategies for Becoming A Prepper.

From what I’ve noticed, the mix of readers on prepper-centric websites fall into four major camps. This is a progression of preparedness.  You may recognize yourself and others in these descriptions.

I do not mean to imply that any stage of prepping is a bad thing.  Not at all.  Rather, it is our duty to exercise our own free will to make preparedness decisions that bring sense to our unique situations. 

There is no such thing as the one-size-fits-all Prepper.  You may reach a certain stage and feel very comfortable at that point. Not everyone can be a candidate for a reality show, nor does everyone want to do something like that.

The Prepper Wannabe

This is someone who wants to embrace preparedness but does not know where to start.  This person may also feel that he or she does not have adequate financial resources to prep.

The Prepper Newbie

This prepper has started to prepare but needs help in sorting through an overwhelming amount of advice and preparedness strategies both online and off. Whether it is simply handholding or education, Prepper Newbies have started their journey but continue to seek knowledge and positive reinforcement to ensure they are on the right path.

The Dedicated Prepper

This is someone who has embraced the preparedness lifestyle with gusto.  These preppers have supplies, knowledge, and skills but are seeking to fine-tune their preps with advanced strategies for survival healthcare, living off-grid, and coping with civil unrest. 

They actively share their own personal experiences with others and offer tips and help other prepper-types learn and grow.  I consider myself to be a Dedicated Prepper.

The Diehard Prepper

This prepper is planning for a major apocalypse and devotes considerable time and energy to ensuring that he or she will prevail.  The Diehard Prepper may have a well-stocked bug-out retreat where they can live out their days if the end of the world should come.

They may also be highly secretive and unwilling to share what they have and what they know for OPSEC reasons.

Being a Diehard Prepper has been somewhat glamorized by the entertainment media.  This serves to disillusion and discourages those who are unable to create this type of alternative life for themselves.

But don’t despair! It’s important to understand that this is the absolute far end of the scale and that this lifestyle isn’t necessary to weather the more ordinary storms that we are most likely to face.

Okay, so we now know that there are at least four types of Preppers. There are undoubtedly more, but for the sake of simplicity, let us leave it at that.

No matter where you are on this range, it’s a great place! Why? Because you’ve already taken the most important step: you realize that you need to become more prepared.  After accepting that uncomfortable reality, the rest is just adding the nuts and bolts.

20 Steps to Becoming a Prepper

This brings me to the topic for today, which is especially for people in the first two stages of preparedness: how to become a prepper.

1.  Take Baby Steps

Take a deep breath and get started.  Do not let your fear or lack of experience overwhelm you.  Step into the mindset and just start.  There are lots of encouraging articles and blogs online in addition to this one to set you on your way.

And please, don’t let naysayers who are too lazy or too stupid tell you that it is not worth it.  Just zip your lips and carry on.

2.  Start Out Slowly

Don’t worry about the long term.  When you are getting started, plan for a 3-day emergency supply.  When you have more experience – and more confidence – you can expand to a 7-day, 30-day, or even an annual emergency supply.  But for now?  Go easy on yourself and give yourself permission to start modestly.

This means water (one to two gallons per person per day), non-perishable food items, some first aid supplies, packets of prescription medications, and if you have pets, some pet food.

Check out this article on food storage for in-depth advice on how to easily build your emergency food storage pantry.

3.  Plan for a Power Outage

This goes hand-in-hand with #2. An extended power outage is an event that occurs hand-in-hand with many other disasters.

Pick up some extra flashlights (the Coastal HP1 is one of my favorites), batteries, candles, and waterproof matches.  For starters, that is just dandy.  Later on, when you have the budget, you can purchase more esoteric items such as an inverter or generator. Here’s some more advice about prepping for a power outage.

Determine the Most Likely Natural Event in Your Area

Every geographical area is predisposed to some type of emergency.

Do you live in a hurricane zone?  Then that should be your focus.  The same thing applies to tornadoes, earthquakes, floods, and wildfire areas.  Live in the city?  Perhaps you should prepare for gang violence and civil unrest.  You need only look at the riots in Baltimore and Ferguson to see the reality of that particular threat.

If you think you are immune, go back and read Disasters 101: A list for those that think it will never happen to them.  This might change your mind.

5.  Create an Emergency Contact List

When a natural disaster or other disruptive event occurs, you want to act on instinct.  Alas, human nature may set you on a tailspin instead.

Well in advance, prepare a list of emergency contacts for police, fire, doctors, hospitals, and, of course, family members and close friends.  Be sure to include telephone numbers, cell phone numbers, and email addresses.  There is no guarantee that any one method will work if the emergency is dire.

6.  Stockpile as Much Water as You Can and Learn to Purify the Rest

Store as much water as you can.  Look for hidden locations in your home where you can store either purchased water or water you have bottled yourself using plastic soda or juice jugs, Water Bricks, or something else.

Beyond that, find secondary sources of water that you can use in an emergency (like ponds, creeks, or lakes) and learn how to safely filter and purify raw water for drinking purposes. Learn the basics of water storage here. If you have some extra cash laying around, consider purchasing a water filter.

7.  Gather Important Documents

Obtain copies of your driver’s license, passport, marriage license, emergency contacts, and medical history and keep them somewhere handy so you can grab and go if you have to.

These documents will assist rescue workers and first responders in identification and in providing you with adequate medical care if needed. It also would not hurt to include some pictures of yourself with family members.  I like to store this information on a flash drive along with other information such as survival manuals, home inventories, and such.

Also, it could be important to have account information and insurance policies handy. Be sure to store those securely. You don’t want someone to have all the information they need to steal your identity.

8.  Develop a Communications and Transportation Plan

If the SHTF and you are not at home, what then?  This is where a plan becomes important.

Make a plan that identifies how loved ones will connect with each other in the event there is a natural disaster or other crisis.  Come up with a meeting place, and if possible, run a drill or two so you become familiar with the process.

9.  Purchase Beans and Rice and Learn How to Cook Them

Beans and rice are chock-full of calories and, in the case of beans, extremely nutritious.  Stock up on dried beans and rice then learn how to cook them off-grid, and outdoors over an open fire or rocket stove that you can build yourself.

For very little money and with very little skill, you will keep hungry bellies full when there is no other food to be had.

10.  Come Up With Secondary Sanitation Solutions

This is kind of a yucky topic but of vital importance. In some situations, the infrastructure can fail so thoroughly that you no longer have running water or flushing toilets. In that situation, what will you do?  Extra toilet paper is great but you can only put back so much without taking up more space than you should. What would you do if you could not get more toilet paper?

You can stock up on supplies for hand hygiene You can also use kitty litter and a bucket to make a temporary toilet for the family. Daisy Luther explains how in this article called “What to Do When the Toilet Won’t Flush.”

11.  Work Toward Optimal Physical Fitness

Exercise regularly and stay in shape.  This does not mean that you have to be thin.  Rather, build up your stamina and strength so that you can perform manual labor for extended periods.

Hike, power walk, lift weights, bicycle; just pick something and stick with it so that you reduce body fat and build up muscle endurance and physical tolerance.

12.  Learn Basic Skills

This is my personal favorite because it involves having fun.  Learn to garden and grow some food.  Heck, anyone can learn to grow lettuce and potatoes! Start canning and learn to preserve what you grow!

Take up fishing or hunting.  Go camping and learn to build a fire and sleep outdoors.  Fire up the barbie and learn to bake bread, steam vegetables, and make pancakes on an open grill or fire.  The possibilities are endless, plus you can involve all members of your family while turning basic skill-building into a hobby. One cool survival skill you can learn is how to build a lean-to shelter.

13.  Get To Know Your Neighbors

Get to know your neighbors, or, if you live in a remote area, the folks in the surrounding community.  These are the folks that will watch your back and help you out if the SHTF and you are really in trouble.  And likewise, you should be inclined to help them out if they are worse off than you following a disaster.

I am not talking about giving assistance or handouts to freeloaders.  No, I mean offering a hand to your friendly clerk at the post office, or a teacher at your children’s school, or the neighbor down the road who offers you fresh eggs when his chickens are over-producing.

14.  Develop a Community of Like-Minded Preppers

Regardless of where you live or your family situation, become a community with others.  Even if your community consists of only two or three persons, these few people will serve as your support group and sounding board for the tactical decisions you will make when things get tough. 

In addition, you need at least one other person to watch your back as you will watch theirs.

Additional Reading:  5 Important Considerations When Forming a Prepper Community

15.  Create a Survival Library

No one can remember every single detail about every single subject.  As practiced and skilled as you may be, there will always be a situation where you either forgot or just plain do not know.  Build up a survival library. 

Binders full of paper are good but so are electronic readers and tablets that can easily be powered using inexpensive solar chargers. Here are some great books to start out with:

  • Countdown to Preparedness by Jim Cobb
  • The Prepper’s Blueprint by Tess Pennington
  • Prepare Your Family for Survival: How to Be Ready for Any Emergency or Disaster Situation by Linda Loosli
  • The Pantry Primer: A Prepper’s Guide to Whole Food on a Half-Price Budget by Daisy Luther
  • The Prepper’s Water Survival Guide also by Daisy Luther
  • Prepper’s Natural Medicine: Life-Saving Herbs, Essential Oils and Natural Remedies for When There is No Doctor by Cat Ellis
  • The Penny-Pinching Prepper: Save More, Spend Less and Get Prepared for Any Disaster by Bernie Carr
  • SAS Survival Guide (This one is small and fits easily in a backpack) by John “Lofty” Wiseman
  • The Survival Medicine Handbook: A Guide for When Help is Not on the Way: by Joe and Amy Alton

16.  Put Together a Basic Bug Out Bag

Bugging in during a disruptive event is always preferable to bugging out.  (Bugging in is often referred to and “hunkering down”). That said, if your home is no longer safe, you may be required to bug out. This does not mean that you will have to flee to the woods.

Bugging out may be as simple as retreating to a friend or relative’s home or as complicated as hiking in a storm to the nearest shelter twenty miles away.  Regardless of where you bug out to, you are going to need some basics to help you get by.

A basic bug-out bag that is light enough to carry when fully loaded, is something every member of the family should possess.  Here is the most recent incarnation of my own Bug Out Bag.

17.  Practice an Evacuation Plan

Sometimes a disaster occurs that causes your home to no longer be safe to live in. If this occurs for whatever reason, plan to leave.  Map out an evacuation route in advance. 

Determine two or three different ways to physically exit your home and then two or three ways to find your way out of the immediate area.  At least one of the routes should avoid major streets and arterial locations.

Once you develop an evacuation plan, practice by traveling each route at least once annually. Don’t forget that events can occur that would require you to leave on foot. Make arrangements for this possibility as well, and include the needs of your four-legged friends in your proposed course of action.

18. Plan for Comfort Foods and Amusements

I have taken flak before on this and I will probably continue to be dissed forever on this subject.  But, when panic and fear set in, there is nothing like a bag of cookies, some mac and cheese from a box, a juicy paperback, and for kids of all ages, a snuggly teddy bear.

Add some coloring books and colored pencils, playing cards, board games, popcorn (which can be popped over over the fire), and a book of Sudoku and you are all set. Well, maybe a bottle of whiskey or vodka would be good too.

The moral of the story is to pack away a few things in the survival pantry that will make you feel better in spite of the chaos around you. Here’s a list of goodies to get you started.

19. Learn the Basics of First Aid and Survival Medicine

Put together a comprehensive first aid kit that includes trauma supplies as well as protective gear to keep you safe in the sick room.  Acquire extra prescription medications as well as antibiotics and essential oils.  Learn about herbal medicine and keep a good book on survival medicine on hand as a reference.

20. Be Prepared to Defend Your Home, Family, and Supplies

This is a very unpopular part of preparedness, and it is what causes others to look at us like we’re crazy. But, as unpleasant as it is, in a crisis people can be depended upon to behave badly. And the more desperate they become, the more dangerous they are to you, your family, and your supplies.

This article by Tess Pennington, The Anatomy of a Breakdown, explains the predictable patterns of social unrest.

After the Ferguson and Baltimore riots, Daisy Luther wrote an essay on why preppers must be armed. Here is a brief excerpt:

“The only person you can rely on to protect your family is yourself.

You can stockpile until you have a decade of supplies put back, but if you can’t defend it, you don’t actually own it. You only have it because no one has bothered taking it away from you yet. You have what you have based on the goodwill of others, who are stronger, greater in number, and better armed.

You have to look at the psychology of this. People can justify pretty much anything when they or their children are starving. And I can understand that to a large degree — who could stand to watch their babies suffering? But if someone can devolve to the above degree just to because everyone else is doing it, the chaos we saw above is only a tiny sample of what could come if people were truly hungry.

Take a long hard look at the threats you face during civil unrest, and develop one. Wherever you live, whatever your situation, you need to plan as though 911 does not exist. Whether riots are occurring in the streets or not, in the seconds during which the lives of your family hang in the balance, you are completely on your own.” (source)

It isn’t enough just to choose a weapon and put it in a drawer. You need to learn to use it, practice with it regularly, maintain it, and keep on hand extra ammunition for it. The lives of your family could one day depend on your comfort level and skill with your defense weapon of choice.

The Final Word

Each of these strategies has been listed with an all too brief explanation.  The reality is that each warrants a full-blown dialog as to why it is important as well as steps to put the strategy into action so you can be as prepared as possible for an emergency situation.

Remember that even a small extra food purchase can add up over time. Canned goods of any type are great things to add a little at a time. You can also create your own canned meats and vegetables with just a few reusable supplies.

Starting any new project, large or small, can be daunting.  Unlike other projects, however, family preparedness and prepping can literally save your life if not your sanity.

I have created a beginner’s roadmap for going forward as I develop each topic in detail in the Twelve Months of Prepping Series, complete with actionable steps that you can take to become a prepper of the highest order while doing so with grace, optimism, and hope.

Please don’t be overwhelmed. We travel this journey together.  Let us share the burden and learn from each other.  Together, we can become a community.

Enjoy your next adventure through common sense and thoughtful preparation!

You can also vote for Backdoor Survival daily at Top Prepper Websites!

Bargain Bin

Below you will find the items mentioned and related to today’s article.

Coast HP1 Focusing LED Flashlight

This flashlight is more expensive than some of the MiniCrees out there. On the other hand, it is a bit slimmer and lighter. Where it really excels though is in brightness and range. I actually prefer it and carry it with me when venturing out at night.

RAVPower 15W Solar Charger with Dual USB Ports

This compact, three panel, solar charger will charge two devices at once, including tablets, smartphones, Kindles, and even AA/AAA battery chargers.  For more information, read: Gear Review: RAVPower 15W Solar Charger with Dual USB Ports.

RAVPower® 3rd Gen Deluxe 15000mAh External Battery

Use the sun to power an external battery pack. By doing so, you will always have battery power to spare without being dependent upon electricity. Perfect to have on hand for dark, stormy days, night time, or when you don’t have the time to wait around for a full charge in the sun.

Kingston Digital DataTraveler Flash Drive

I much prefer these metalized flash drives because the ring will not break. Been there, done that. These flash/thumb drives have really come down in price and are great for storing important documents.

LifeStraw Personal Water Filter

The LifeStraw is considered the most advanced, compact, ultra light personal water filter available. It contains no chemicals or iodinated resin, no batteries and no moving parts to break or wear out. It weighs only 2 oz. making it perfect for the prepper. For more information, see my LifeStraw review.

Balance (Angie’s Extreme Stress Menders Volume 1)

This is the latest book to feed my thirst for coloring books.  I must have spent an hour looking at various coloring books before settling on this one.  I am almost done with the first book I ordered and it was nice because it had a wide variety of designs that gave me a good opportunity to decide what I liked, and what I didn’t. 

For me, it is the floral design and mandalas that keep my mind focused to the point that stress just melts away!

Colored Pencils 36-color Art Drawing Pencils

This is the first set of pencils I purchased and they are serving me well. My latest guilty pleasure, however, was this set of 72 colors from Prismacolor. To be honest, I like the cheap set a lot better although I wish it had more colors.

Ticket to Ride

Ticket to Ride Game

When it comes to board games, this is my favorite — It helps that I usually win. This is fun for the entire family. Warning, you and your gift recipient will become addicted and will often ask the question: Want to play train aka “Ticket to Ride”?

Spark Naturals Essential Oils

My first line of defense for minor ailments and illnesses is essential oils. A good option to start with is the “Health and Wellness” kit that comes packaged in a tin and includes a brochure with suggested uses for each of the oils.  As kits, these oils are already discounted but as an added bonus, you get an additional 10% off with discount code BACKDOORSURVIVAL at checkout.

Spark Naturals Shop Now | Backdoor Survival

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39 Responses to “20 Steps: The Ultimate Prepper Guide”

  1. My Husband and I have been noticing more people sporting the paracord bracelet and key chain. I think there are a lot of people preparing and the age groups are all over the board. Three million pepper’s may be documented somewhere, but there are many, many more. I think most people are keeping a low profile and it should be that way. On the other hand, it would be nice to meet and talk to other like minded people. Attending a local preparedness convention would be a great place to observe others, get info on the group hosting the show and so on. We keep it in the family right now so as not to draw unwanted attention. Be careful at the grocery, pharmacy, etc. when taking advantage of sales or on certain purchases. I have had people ask me what I know that they don’t know. I am careful on purchases when Kroger’s has their 10 for 10 specials on certain food items. Don’t over fill your cart with 50 cans of one item, 10 cans of 5 kinds of canned goods on sale already will draw attention. Are people getting more paranoid that something is about to happen? If I have to, I will make more than one trip to the grocery on big sales. I live close so it is not a problem but someone living further away from the store may not want to make more trips than necessary.

    • I try to shop just as the supermarkets open if I’m doing a big stocking run. Around here there are usually just a handful of shoppers between 7 AM and 7:30 AM on a Saturday or Sunday, so it’s easier to avoid prying eyes. Then I just joke with the cashiers that it’s such a great price and now I won’t have to buy more for six months until the next sale. Or if I’m seeing a cashier too often I’ll say I’m donating to the food pantry, and while I do donate regularly to the food pantry, most of the stock is going into my personal pantry… If you find your supermarket is crowded just after opening, then try visiting at odd hours if you can to find a time where the store isn’t as busy. Then it’s just the cashiers you have to talk with, unless the store has self-check. I love using self-check since one store near me allows me to scan items as I walk around the store and bag it as I go. When I get to the self-check then I scan my card and the computer knows what I bought. Occasionally they will do an audit to make sure people are keeping honest, but it’s a lot easier to hide mass quantities from prying eyes when you can bag things up before leaving the aisles. 🙂

    • I have been trying to use the self scan units when they are available and this makes shopping go a little faster. Our local store is always crowded no matter time of day. There are times I go around 9:00 PM and can thru easier. And you are right sometimes the cashiers comment on my sale buying.

    • If you have a WINCO in town or close to where you live, you’ll find you can shop 24/7…but don’t pick the week-ends. Prices are good, but they only accept cash, checks, or debit cards–no credit cards (saves THEM money, and the savings are passed on to the consumer).

      Also, don’t shop there (or any store) when people get their Welfare checks (my wife says it’s the first part of each month…I don’t know if that is true or not), that is, if you want to avoid are lots and lots of shopping carts in the aisles.

      The quantities of most items at WINCO aren’t as large as Costco, so a single person doesn’t need to buy a huge quantity or two of something that they won’t use before their expiration dates.

      Best time to shop WINCO? Probably 5:00 a.m. Not many customers and not many checkers but there’ll be shelf stockers to contend with in the aisles.

    • I love Winco! That is best place to purchase wheat. They have good turnover so I know it is fresh plus the prices are dirt cheap.

    • No one suspects a thing when stocking up at Costco. On more than one occasion we have filled one of those flatbed carts. A lot of small grocery stores as well as schools shop at Costco so seeing flatbed carts full of food and paper goods is quite common.

    • I can usually spot a “prepper” by what they are purchasing. There WILL be exceptions, of course, those folks on vacation and camping will buy large quantities of canned items. Restauranteurs will purchase sacks and sacks of rice at Costco. And parents with lots of kids in tow will have full carts.

      But unless someone starts asking me personal questions, I simply ignore everyone at the store and don’t ask them if they are prepping…I already know the answer. People will know, and there’s not a lot you can do about it. If asked, I simply say, I’ve been reading about emergencies happening with greater frequency around the globe and say that “I’m not going to get caught without at least some food and water” when it happens here. They don’t need to know I’m prepping for a month-long, six-month-long, or year-long, or multi-year-long event. We don’t keep all our food in our pantry and I’ve told my relations that what we have (be it beans or bullets) is no one else’s business–so keep your yap shut

  2. I have been wanting to point out to Preppers to prepare for the Solar Minimum that is coming. You’re going to wish that Global Warming was real when this starts up. Can you say snow in summer in Chicago?

    I don’t know how to advise you on preparing for low temperatures and snow/ice problems: one thing’s for sure, back when Quebec had its massive ice storm, it took them SIX WEEKS to get the power back on. But having electricity will be moot if the hydroelectrics are frozen, not to mention the distribution problems. As for 60 below, it doesn’t matter which scale you use: it’s COLD.

    • This is why I love the internet – there I was thinking I was the only one who noticed, was concerned or even cared.

      We’re already in (solar cycle 24) the beginnings of what looks like (beginning in solar cycle 25) a repeat of the ‘grand minimum’ of 200 years ago (solar cycle 5 – the Dalton Minimum and its 1816 ‘year without summer’) if not (hopefully) the middle ages (the Maunder Minimum – the little ice age).

      The (lesser) Dalton caused a global cooling of 1 degree Celsius, massive agricultural/food losses thousands of deaths (from cold and starvation), over a decade. The Maunder was much much worse (and much longer).

      I suspect nothing much is written (in the MSM) because to do so would mean admitting their global warming/climate change models (scam) have always been wrong (witness the denial of a Minimums effect in the scholarly articles due to ‘it will only counteract the continued [imaginary] global warming effect’). They’ll go on blaming CO2 and global warming even as they freeze – Who knew that ‘Fallen Angels’ was prophetic (and the usual suspects new ‘how to’ book) instead of a fiction?

      Me? I’ve a hyper insulated home, ground-loop (in the house and green-house) and a trench filled with lots of coal but if it is coming, and it is as bad as the last few times … you’ll need masses of food storage (cold hardy, quick growing crops, a method to manage in a colder climate … or to move south) and there’ll be a disastrous/apocalyptic die-off. Food and water (less as so much will be tied up in ice/snow and changing weather patterns causing, as historically, widespread droughts) and insulated clothing, protection for farm animals and feed will be worth more than gold.

      I’m sure I sound like a tin-foil hat wearing paranoid but … this isn’t some worst-case-scenario (return of an ice-age), this has occurred repeatedly over the millennia, is a ‘predictable’ event (possibly/probably) heading right our way. We’ve already seen the early effects but a ‘decades long’ cooling with massively disrupted agriculture and widespread droughts’ could be on the way (estimates vary from 5-15 years).

    • Going to look up Minimums. Have not heard this term but have watched science documentaries and movies in which this takes place. The effect of one degree per year was clearly explained. Indeed terrifying.

    • There is plenty available online from some very reputable scientists from across the globe.

      It’s a ‘game changer’ in that all the major civilizational failures/collapses seem to have occurred during minimums (see: ). And even if that is escaped, there is always massive suffering and death.

      Read what’s out there and make your own judgements. For me it ranks up with the other likeliest SHTF scenarios of economic collapse and (currently increasing in likelihood) war.

    • I did some searches and reading about the occurrences you cited. It seems my obsession with wool blankets, sweaters, socks, hats, and base layers is on target.

  3. Awesome article. Really useful tool for assessing where I am in the process. And planning the next step. Once again, Gaye, you give us the important information without the fear. Some walk away from the fear and don’t get started. Some, such as me, rush headlong into the fear and then have a panic attack. So the fear is not productive. I appreciate your style.

    Couple other points on related or recent articles: I read the link on how you reorganized your bugout bag. Very helpful. The process never seems to be finished because I keep learning more. So this time I have dumped all my items into a large tote. After the dust settles I want to lay it all out on the bed or floor and study what I have. I’m still working with the weight constraint. No more than 20-25 pounds absolute max. This number sounds low, but it is not. Load the bag and go for a short hike. The weight will become a reality and you’ll know what you can handle.

    This is in response to the person who suggested reading The Hot Zone. Alec or Alex. I have read it and now I’m suddenly seeing the information go mainstream. The 4 levels of biocontainment are mentioned on TV, such as in the show Blindspot. Even the phrase Hot Zone is used on TV. And the various hemorrhagic fevers are mentioned. None of it is explained which makes me feel like I’m in the cool group who read the book and knows the terms. Yes, fellow readers, this IS my idea of fun.

    • I don’t know about ‘fun’ but it’s certainly reassuring being ‘ahead of the curve’ and having some understanding, other than the little ‘allowed’ by a media who usually don’t understand much themselves, on which to judge what’s happening (Oh OK it is a bit fun too).

      As to bug-out-bags. I’ve been re-evaluating mine recently after reading an article (on that Hogwarts School of Grid-down Medicine site I listed) by a very experienced military and wilderness trauma medic (and Gaye’s). His preference is for ‘multi-use’ items and improvised ‘good enough’ solutions rather than multiple ‘specific’ single-use items.

      As an example I’ve ditched a number of ‘shelter/clothing’ items (a must have in relatively cold, but always wet and windy UK conditions), instead carrying a Jerven-bag (Fjellduken – an all-in-one bivi, tarp, tent, poncho system), saving weight and space.

      As a self-confessed ‘gear geek’ it’s almost painful at times forcing myself to evaluate whether I actually need all those ‘bells and whistles’ or whether a smaller, basic functional item is all I ‘really’ need too.

      With my previous forces experience (usually without much support or logistical tail) I know what I ‘can’ survive comfortably with, it’s a little embarrassing to admit that my BOB had become full of items, not because I needed them, but because they were ‘recommended’, ‘shiny’ and ‘for attention’ – gulp!

      Everyones location and scenarios differ but (mine being a localised issue to get me to a secondary pre-prepared location) consider only what you ‘must’ have, then consider how much of that can do double/triple duty. Doing this has allowed me to literally half my BOB load (it would be more but water is heavy).

      My one consideration/recommendation. Consider ‘splitting’ your bag. I carry ‘the essentials’ in a ‘belt-kit’ (packed in the top bag for easy immediate donning, never to be taken off) – the very basic items I ‘must’ have at all times if SHTF (if you get separated from your bag). The rest is in a(n) (unnoticeable in city street/office) duffle/shoulder bag that is configurable to change to a ‘normal rucksack’ (with waist-belt too) – as someone who has carried many loads you will ‘really’ appreciate that ability if you must carry for any length of time.

    • Alec, all great good for thought. Totally agree about separate bags. My can’t live without stuff is pretty well honed. But I’m going over it anyway. Includes a folding saw I can’t seem to live without. I have 3 sets of the essential gear.

      Shelter for me is tarps, wool blankets, and clothing. Either wool or wick-dry synthetics. Plus rope and hatchet. All in woodland colors. This stuff is heavy.

      Food is beans, rice, salt, honey, oil. These are only for supplementing foraging and trapping in the lean months. And seeds to be sown discretely. Plus water to start out with.

      As Gaye and so many have said, purpose directs your prepping and bags/packs. I already live in the kind of place city people hope to reach. So if/when the gangs of unprepared reach here I will likely be gone for good. So my BOB is an INCH bag. I’m Never Coming Back.

      Thank you for your comments. I learn from them.

    • Karen

      I’m not a big fan of Bugging Out as such. I’d guess my bag is really a GMHSICBI (get me home so I can bug in) bag, or at worst a BOT (bug out to) bag.

      Partly that’s because here (northern moor and heath) ‘living off the land’ is an almost impossibility (SERE trains us how to ‘survive’ in similar places, but crucially only until escape or rescue, but even then that isn’t ‘living’ it’s ‘existing’). I’d guess from (saw and camo) you’re in an arboreal forest area. Life is ‘possible’ there (I’ve spent many a summer in northern Norway/Sweden (I have Sami friends) with nothing but a rifle, knife, axe, saw, fire-starter, water-bottle and tin mug, tarp and the clothes on my back … but that isn’t in winter, and it isn’t when thousands of others may be doing the same thing. Surviving with only what you can carry in, even in a large vehicle, is a short term option at best, I think. (Remember, even Grizzly Adams nearly, would have, died without help and a store to get supplies from).

      Others (much more experienced and knowledgeable) class bugging out to the woods in the event of ‘issues’ as the ‘E’ in PACE (and a forced last resort at that). But YMMV.

      One suggestion to consider. Have you tried carrying a bow saw blade? They ‘curl’ up quite small in a tin/pan and can be easily used to construct a frame for a bow or even buck saw (how to is in multiple youtube videos and bushcraft books such as Richard Graves or Ray Mears) – which makes those woodland chores so much easier than with a small folding saw.

      Rope, look at AmSteel-Blue (it’s the diameter of paracord but much, much stronger 8.5 mm is rated at 1600 lbs) it’s light, easily packed and available in larger, stronger sizes too (maybe Gaye can link it on Amazon?). I ‘found’ it as I prefer hammocks in forested areas (the favourite of ultra-light hikers) as it’s used for Whoopie loops (I just bet you’ll have to google that).

      Oh, and the learning goes both ways!

  4. Dedicated preppers have been living the prepper life for a long time if not forever. That’s the only plus we may have over the newbies. We come to websites like Gaye’s to keep obtaining knowledge we may have forgotten or didn’t know during our lives. I try to learn something new everyday, and more often than not, I learn from backdoorsurvival and the comments.
    I can’t emphasize enough that water is key to survival. Living near a lake,stream or river will certainly benefit your survival plans. Also your community will be paramount in overcoming any obstacles you may encounter if things go wonky. Medical knowledge can be found in Red Cross survival books, FEMA has a guide you can download and don’t forget the library or medical schools for info. I’m trying to locate a Grey’s Anatomy book, that and a PDR on pharmaceuticals. These could be a life saver if you had meds and didn’t know how to use them. Thinking outside the box could be your best prepping item.

    • great medical book to get is Where There Is No Doctor or Where There Is No Dentist by David Werner. The other is The Survival Medicine Handbook by Dr.Joseph Alton, MD and Nurse Amy Alton, ARNP (Dr Doom and Nurse Bloom)it has some common medications in the book

  5. Love all of this, very informative, BUT you have absolutely no educational books listed for children to continue to being educated. A history boo, math book and some reading material is essential for all ages.

    • Dear Jane,

      On the one hand, I kind of agree with you. On the other hand – your mind – is the book. A pad of paper and a pen can fill most gaps. Maybe have them write it (in cursive) as you dictate?

      Imho, (for the most part) nothing bores children more than having to read stale history and math books. The oral tradition of learning history and math is probably The Best way. Combine that with actually doing something and you have a winning hand, i.e. counting sticks or making other calculations as you all collect firewood or dig tiger traps. Make learning into a fun challenge = that’s your challenge. Don’t try and substitute a book for that.

      In the background I’m reminded of all the times I’ve read words from certain successful people, something along the lines of, ‘all the book learning in the world, trade that for people-skills, real world experience and know-how’. Ymmv.

    • The adult can use the books or a itablet to teach. I home schooled our children for several years and it was always a read, touching and seeing experience on everything. Not everyone is a reader, but the parents can have the information on hand. If it is in an itablet and has been down loaded already it will still be on the tablet when the net goes down. You just need a solar charger. Math and history along with cursive and English can be taught many different ways. I’ve used sand, shaving cream, chalk, and water to teach.

    • I have a Kindle loaded up with a bunch of K12 text books for just that reason, and with my solar panels and battery packs I’ll be able to keep it running for years assuming it doesn’t get smashed. And it’s a lot lighter than a bookcase full of books if I have to bug out. 😉 Right now I have over 1000 books loaded on that Kindle, everything from cookbooks to prepping to classic fiction to school books and lots in between. Almost all of them are freebies…gotta love the free book come-ons that happen from time to time to boost a book’s stats. I’m shameless about grabbing them when they’re free….

    • I was reading at the third grade level when I entered first grade because my (8 year older) sister and mother started reading to me after I came home from the hospital, and kept on doing so until I could read to them.

  6. Great article with plenty of ideas for the newbie to dedicated prepper alike. And while I like to consider myself a dedicated prepper, there is always more to learn and do. Living is learning, even if it’s just learning what not to do. 😉

    Only suggestion I’d make is for #8 Develop a communications and transportation plan: Add a get home bag to your vehicle or in your office. If you can’t do that, at least have a small every day carry bag that has a few essentials to help you get home if you have to go on foot. I’ll always remember the videos on the news about the hordes of folks walking out of NYC and have to wonder how many of them had more than just a small purse with them. I have GHBs in both cars and another one at my office in case I can’t get access to my car. Just small backpacks with some food, blankets, small first aid kit and a few sundries. Vehicle GHBs add small camping stove and fuel tablets as well as tiny tent and disposable mylar sleeping bag plus a small supply of silver dimes in case I can’t use cash and need to buy my way home.

    Thanks for everything you do Gaye!

  7. As usual, level headed, useful information and actions to take. You really are what a preparedness site should be about!! Hate the doomers and all the fear porn!!
    Keep educating this willing student.

    • Hi,

      My name is Alex. I am an MA student of television at UAL in London. As my graduation project, Currently, I am working on a documentary about Preppers. I would very much like to interview you on the subject, why do people feel the need to prep for the worest case scenario? Who are peppers? What skills and knowledge preppers should know and learn? The Interview can be made via Zoom and it only lasts for no longer than half an hour.

      Kind regards,


      Please email me: [email protected]

      Mob: 07367281162

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