Concussions – The Most Common TBIConcussions are the most common type of TBI. A concussion is associated with a variety of symptoms that are often immediately apparent. The presentation of a concussion will vary from one individual to the next. Although you might expect a loss of consciousness, the victim often remains completely alert. As you might imagine, pain at the site of injury or headache is the most commonly seen symptom. Others include:
- Loss of motor coordination
- Blurred or double vision
- Slurred speech
- Ringing in the ear (also called “tinnitus”)
- Difficulty concentrating
Signs and Symptoms of Serious TBIThere are a number of signs and symptoms which might identify those patients that have a serious TBI. Besides an obvious indentation in the skull, they include:
- Prolonged loss of consciousness
- Convulsions (Seizures)
- Worsening headache over time
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bruising (around eyes and ears)
- Bleeding from ears and nose
- Worsening confusion/apathy/drowsiness
- One pupil more dilated than the other
The Final WordLuckily, most head injuries will be minor and the effects temporary. Major traumatic brain injuries will be difficult for the survival medic to effectively treat, just one of the hard realities that face the caregiver in long-term survival.
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Author Bio: Joe and Amy Alton are the authors of the 3 category #1 Amazon Bestseller "The Survival Medicine Handbook". See their articles in Backwoods Home, Survival Quarterly, and other great magazines as well as their website at www.doomandbloom.net. The opinions voiced by Joe Alton, MD, and Amy Alton, ARNP. are their own and are not meant to take the place of seeking medical help from a qualified healthcare provider.